Autism spectrum disorder or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or often called autism, can occur in all ages, races, ethnicities, and socioeconomic groups.

Diagnosis Autism is generally characterized by social and communication difficulties and by repetitive behaviors. Often times, severe forms of autism are diagnosed within the first two years of a child’s life, but a person with the condition may not be diagnosed until much later in life or as an adult.

1. What is autism?
Autism called is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain. Some people with the disorder have known differences, such as genetic conditions. Other causes are unknown, citing the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. Scientists believe there are several causes of autism that act together to change the most common way people develop.

People with autism may behave, communicate, interact, and learn differently than most other people. Often there is nothing about their appearance that sets them apart from the rest.

For example, some people with autism may have advanced conversational skills, while others may be nonverbal. Some people with autism need a lot of help in daily life, although others can work and live with little or no support.

2. Symptoms of autism in adults

Citing Medical News Today , people with autism may find some challenges in aspects of communication and social interaction. They may have difficulty relating to others and understanding their emotions. Adults with autism may also have inflexible thought and behavior patterns and may perform repetitive actions.

Common signs and symptoms of autism in adults can include:

Difficulty starting a conversation.
Difficulty making or maintaining close friendships.
Discomfort during eye contact.
Challenges in regulating emotions.
Extreme interest in one particular topic.
Often monologues on one or several subjects.
Hypersensitivity to sounds or smells that don’t seem to bother others.
Unintentional sounds, such as repeated coughing.
Difficulty understanding sarcasm or idioms.
Lack of inflection when speaking.
Interests are limited to a few activities.
Prefers solitary activities.
Problems in reading other people’s emotions.
Difficulty understanding facial expressions and body language.
Dependence on daily routines and difficulty in dealing with change.
Repetitive behavior.
Social anxiety.
Excellent ability in a particular field, such as mathematics or other disciplines.
People with autism usually do not have all of the signs and symptoms above, and they may experience symptoms that are not listed above.

There may be some similarities between autism and other disorders, such as ADHD, but signs and symptoms of autism vary from person to person.

Also, the symptoms can differ between the sexes. Some people may seem better able to cope with social situations than others, as symptoms may be more subtle and subtle. As a result, the diagnosis of autism can be more challenging.

3. Diagnosis
In some cases, adults may only recognize the symptoms of autism in themselves when they have a child diagnosed with autism. Experts have not yet decided on standard criteria for diagnosing adults who believe they have autism. However, a doctor may use some of the criteria used for diagnosis in children, such as having problems with social communication, displaying restricted and repetitive behaviors, and any sensory problems, citing the Help Guide.

To diagnose autism in adults, doctors will likely talk to patients about their interests, emotions, and childhood. The doctor may also want to talk to the patient’s family members. This can be very useful because symptoms—even subtle ones—may develop when the patient is young.

4. Treatment

Adults are generally not provided with the same support as children with autism. Sometimes, adults with autism can be treated with cognitive, verbal, and applied behavioral therapy.

Often adults with autism need to seek specific support based on the challenges they are experiencing, such as anxiety , social isolation, relationship problems, or work difficulties.

Some of the possible treatments needed include:

Psychiatrist: A psychiatrist is a doctor and is qualified to make an official medical diagnosis of autism, there are even some psychiatrists who specialize in autism spectrum disorders. A licensed psychologist (PhD) is also qualified to make a diagnosis, and it may be more affordable in some areas.

5. Notes for couples who have autism

Reported by the Better Health Channel , some adults with autism can be successful in a relationship. However, as with most relationships, there can certainly be challenges.

A diagnosis in adults with autism often follows a diagnosis of autism in their child or other relative. This can be especially distressing for a couple who has to deal with both diagnoses at the same time. Counseling, or joining a support group where they can talk to others who are facing similar challenges, can help.

By Jaya