Dry Eye Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

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Naturally, our eyes can produce fluids that are useful as lubricants to keep the eyeballs moist Dry Eye Syndrome. This is important to protect the eyes from damage and inflammation that can harm vision.

Well, on the other hand, the eyes will actually feel dry, sore, and tired quickly if someone has problems producing tears. This condition is known as dry eye syndrome or what in English is called dry eye syndrome.

Interestingly, dry eyes are not only experienced by people who stare at computer screens for too long, you know. Discomfort in the eyes due to lack of moisture can also indicate a serious illness that is being experienced by the body.

To find out the causes, symptoms, treatment methods, and tips to prevent dry eyes, just read this article to the end, OK!

1. Causes of dry eyes

Dry eye is a common condition that can be experienced by anyone. When experiencing this condition, there are two possibilities that cause it to occur, namely decreased tear production, or tears drying up quickly.

According to Smart Eye Care , tears contain many substances, such as mucus, fat, and protein. When the content in the tears is not suitable, then the eyes can become dry quickly.

Apart from that, there are also other conditions that contribute to causing dry eyes. Among the causes are the following:

Not young anymore. The risk is higher for people aged 50 years and over.
The meibomian gland dysfunction that causes tears is deficient in the oil substance.
Have allergies.
Side effects of medications, such as antihistamines, decongestants , and antidepressants.
Certain medical conditions, such as lupus, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, eye allergies, thyroid disease, vitamin A deficiency, rosacea, and blepharitis.
Hormonal changes, such as low estrogen levels after menopause.
Environmental factors, such as windy weather, dry air, and exposure to smoke or pollen.
Use contact lenses.
Staring at a smartphone or computer screen for too long, including reading and driving.

2. Signs and symptoms

According to the Mayo Clinic, there are several signs and symptoms that can be felt when experiencing dry eyes. These signs and symptoms include:

The eyes feel sore, itchy, and there is a burning sensation
Watery and red eyes
Become more sensitive to light
Like something is stuck in the eye
Difficulty wearing contact lenses
Difficult to drive at night
Blurred vision and feeling dizzy around the eyes
The duration of the symptoms that are felt depends on the factors that caused them. For example, dry eye symptoms that arise from prolonged use of a smartphone may subside when you stop using your device for a while.

Other examples also apply to drug use factors. If the drug is stopped, then the symptoms of dry eyes will also be reduced.

3. Risk of complications

Basically, dry eye condition can recover by itself along with the reduction of the causative factor, and the treatment efforts are made. However, in severe cases without treatment, there is a risk of life-threatening complications.

Problems such as eye infections and decreased vision due to damage to the cornea can occur when the eye is deprived of nutrients and oxygen. If this is the case, daily activities can be disrupted and the quality of life will decrease.

Cases of blindness due to dry eye are reported to be extremely rare in South America, reports Healthline . But even so, complications experienced due to severe dry eye conditions as previously mentioned can still lead to blindness.

4. Handling that can be done

To speed up the relief of dry eye symptoms, you can apply eye drops to make your eyes more moist. It is important to remember, this effort also needs to be accompanied by avoiding the causative factors.

In addition, an examination with the relevant doctor needs to be done if the symptoms do not go away. The following options can be offered to solve this problem, as reported by WebMD :

Punctal inclusions to block the ducts in the eye while increasing tear production. This inclusion can be done temporarily or permanently, depending on the conditions and needs.
Lipiflow, which is a medical device application that uses pressure and heat to open blocked glands in the eyelids. Later, this gland will add oil to the tears and prevent the tears from quickly evaporating.
Testosterone cream to drive the work of the oil glands in the eyes.
Cyclosporine, which is a drug to increase tear production.
Steroid use.
The addition of nutrients to food, such as omega-3.

5. Tips to prevent dry eyes and maintain eye health

The cause of dry eyes in each person can be different, therefore you should pay attention to when and in what situations your eye health condition can decline. As an extra effort to prevent this, try implementing the following:

Avoid direct exposure to the wind on the eyes, such as those from hair dryers, car air conditioners, and heating.
Use a humidifier or something that can humidify the air in the room when the weather gets dry.
Take the time to rest your eyes for a moment while working on tasks.
Avoid lighting that is too bright on your smartphone or computer screen.
Stay away from excessive exposure to pollution, such as cigarette smoke. This can be minimized by using glasses.
In addition, drinking lots of water can also help in maintaining eye health. When you are working, you should provide drinking water near you so you don’t forget to continue to meet your body’s fluid needs.

Paying attention to habits and surrounding conditions can help in maintaining eye health and avoiding dry eye syndrome. If you start to experience problems related to vision, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor, OK!